Momentum distribution and ordering in mixtures of ultracold light- and heavy-fermion atoms
|Title||Momentum distribution and ordering in mixtures of ultracold light- and heavy-fermion atoms|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2011|
|Authors||Maśka, M., Lemański R., Williams C., and Freericks J. K.|
|Journal||Physical Review A|
The momentum distribution is one of the most important quantities which provides information about interactions in many-body systems. At the same time it is a quantity that can easily be accessed in experiments on ultracold atoms. In this paper, we consider mixtures of light- and heavy-fermionic atoms in an optical lattice described effectively by the Falicov-Kimball model. Using a Monte Carlo method, we study how different ordered density-wave phases can be detected by measurement of the momentum distribution of the light atoms. We also demonstrate that ordered phases can be seen in Bragg scattering experiments. Our results indicate that the main factor that determines the momentum distribution of the light atoms is the trap confinement. On the other hand, the pattern formed by the heavy atoms seen in the Bragg scattering experiments is very sensitive to the temperature and possibly can be used in low-temperature thermometry.
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