Analytical and numerical study of trapped strongly correlated bosons in two- and three-dimensional lattices
|Title||Analytical and numerical study of trapped strongly correlated bosons in two- and three-dimensional lattices|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2010|
|Authors||Hen, I., and Rigol M.|
|Journal||Physical Review A|
We study the ground-state properties of trapped inhomogeneous systems of hardcore bosons in two- and three-dimensional lattices. We obtain results both numerically, using quantum Monte Carlo techniques, and via several analytical approximation schemes, such as the Gutzwiller mean-field approach, a cluster mean-field method, and a spin-wave analysis which takes quantum fluctuations into account. We first study the homogeneous case, for which simple analytical expressions are obtained for all observables of interest, and compare the results with the numerical ones. We obtain the equation of state of the system along with other thermodynamic properties such as the free energy, kinetic energy, superfluid density, condensate density, and compressibility. In the presence of a trap, there is in general a spatial coexistence of superfluid and insulating domains. We show that the spin-wave-based method reproduces the quantum Monte Carlo results for global as well as for local quantities with a high degree of accuracy. We also discuss the validity of the local density approximation. Our analysis can be used to describe bosons in optical lattices where the onsite interaction U is much larger than the hopping amplitude t.